10 Last Nights of Ramadan

Hadiths on the last 10 nights of Ramadan

According to 'Aicha (radiallahu' anha): "Arrived in the last 10 days, the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam) hugged his izar, watched his nights, and woke up his family. In one version, it says,"He stayed up his nights, woke up his family, redoubled his efforts, and hugged his izar."" [reported by al-Bukhari and Muslim]

During the last 10 days of Ramadan, the prophet (sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam) preferred to do certain works that he did not do the rest of the month. In a Hadith of 'Aicha (radiallahu' anha) indeed, this one explains: "The prophet (sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam) alternated the first twenty days between prayer and sleep, but when the last ten days occurred, he"rolled up his sleeves"and tightened his Izâr." [reported by Ahmed]

It could also mean that he was providing most of the night. This hypothesis is based on the statement reported by Muslim in his sahih, according to which 'Aicha (radiallahu' anha) declares:"I do not think he spent (sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam) at night in prayer until dawn. In addition, the prophet (sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam) made sure to wake up his family during the last ten nights independently of the other days. Soufiane ath-thawri (rahimahoullah) says:"When the last 10 days come, I prefer that someone take the night, that he redouble his effort, that he wake up his wife and children for prayer if they feel able to do so."It is certified for this purpose that the prophet (sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam) knocked on Fatima and' Ali's door to say to them:"Should you not get up to pray! » [reported by al-Bukhari and Muslim]  

He used to wake up 'Aicha (radiallahu' anha) before doing witr , at the end of his vigil which he devoted to prayer. The texts encourage the spouses to wake up each other at night to dedicate themselves to prayer and possibly spray water on the face of the spouse whose sleep is too heavy. According to al Mawatta, Omar ibn al-Khattab (radiallahu 'anhu) prayed during the night as long as Allah wanted. In the middle of the night, he woke up his family and cried out,"Prayer! Prayer ! He recited this verse in particular:

{ And order/command your family/people with the prayers and endure patience on it, We do not ask/question you (for) a provision/means of livelihood , We provide for you, and the end (result is) to the fear and obedience (of God). } [Surah 20, Ta-Ha - Verse 132]

On this occasion, the prophet (sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam) notably hugged his izar. Opinions are divided to explain the meaning of this expression. Some scholars claim that this is a way of expressing the intensive and intense efforts he devoted to worship, but this hypothesis is open to debate. Others say it means that he was isolated from his wives. Another hypothesis is that he would not go to bed until the end of Ramadan. In the hadith of Anas indeed, it is specified: "He folded his bed and isolated himself from his wives."

According to Abou Said al Khoudri (radiallahu 'anhu), the prophet said (sallallahu' alayhi wa sallam): "Do not fast without interruption; anyone who wants to do it without interruption must stop at least just before dawn. - You fast well without interruption (it was pointed out to him) - I'm not like he replied, someone at night feeds and drinks me." [reported by al-Bukhari]

Obviously, he (sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam) continued to fast all night. He probably did it to better face the last ten nights. He was not weakened any more since Allah fed and watered him.

In addition, the prophet (sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam) showered between the 2 prayers of the night. As we have already seen with the Hadith of 'Aicha (radiallahu' anha), it showered between the 2 calls to prayer (adhan). In other words, between the adhan of the maghrib and that of al isha. The ancients also enjoyed showering every night for the past 10 days. Some showered and perfumed the nights most conducive to the Night of Destiny. Others wore new clothes and perfumed themselves.

It becomes clear through this that it is recommended on nights when it is hoped to coincide with the Night of Destiny to wash and make oneself beautiful. This consists of making yourself clean by showering, perfuming yourself, and by wearing beautiful clothes as it is legislated to do on Friday and on holidays. It is also legislated to make oneself beautiful for prayers in general. One cannot fully embellish one's exterior without thereby beautifying one's interior through repentance and return to God by purifying the heart of the defilements of sins. There is no point in maintaining its exterior and leaving the interior completely dilapidated.

It is not decent to speak with kings in private without refining and purifying the body and mind at the same time. What about relations with the King of kings, He who knows the most hidden secrets. He does not just look at your outward aspects, but He considers your hearts and your deeds. Whoever stands before Him must beautify his body by his outfit and his heart by the mantle of piety.

If someone doesn’t put on the garb of piety,
He’s genuinely naked even if he’s fully dressed.

Spiritual retreat: al i'tikaf

It is auspicious for the last 10 days to do itikaf, spiritual retreat. According to al-Bukhari and Muslim, according to 'Aicha (radiallahu' anha) the prophet (sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam) did itikaf the last 10 days of Ramadan, and this, until his death. According to al-Bukhari, according to Abu Hurayra (radiallahu 'anha): "Every Ramadan, the prophet made a 10-day retreat. The year he died, he retired for 20 days."

He was doing a 10-day retreat during which everyone is on the lookout for the Night of Destiny, to cut themselves off from all worldly occupation. He took the opportunity to empty his mind, to speak in private with His Lord in order to invoke him and evoke him.

The retired person isolates himself to better submit to Allah and devote himself to dhikr. She decides to cut off all ties with the outside world that could disturb her mind. She turns body and soul towards Her Lord and is completely dedicated to Him. His only concern is Allah and the search for His pleasure. Once bonds, feelings, and a certain complicity are created, the person can then surrender fully to Allah in all other situations.

The night of destiny among the last 10 nights of Ramadan

{ We (E) descended it in the predestined/destiny night .474And what made you know/informed you what the predestined/destiny night (is)?The predestined/destiny night (is) better than one thousand month (lunar months). } [Surah 97, al Qadr - Verses 1 à 3]

According to Abu Hurayra, the prophet (sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam) said about the month of Ramadan:"There is a night that is better than 1000 months, whoever is deprived of its benefits will be destitute. » [reported by Ahmed and an-Nasai]

Imam Malik said:"I have been told that it was shown to the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam) the works of past generations , or what Allah wanted to show him. He felt that those in his community were too righteous and that they could not compete with those of the predecessors whose lifespans were longer. Allah therefore offered him the Night of Destiny which is better than 1000 months."

Regarding the works related to this famous night, it is certified that the prophet (sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam) said: "Whoever watch the night of Destiny with faith and longing for the reward, he will be forgiven for his past sins." It is therefore advisable to ask for forgiveness the Night of Destiny after having redoubled your efforts in good works during this night in question and the last 10 nights in general.

The last 10 days also mark the end of Ramadan. Whoever took the opportunity to do good must end this way. Whoever has wasted his hours may still end well. The last work is that which prevails. You have to take advantage of the few days and nights remaining in order to end up with a good deed.



Fasting and Ramadan Briefs

Before Ramadan

Introduction to Ramadan

The importance of the month of Ramadan

Tue 10 Sha'bane
الثلاثاء 10 شعبان

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