Why do Muslims Fast?

why do muslims fast
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Publié le 24 mars 2023, par Samir | 9 h 19 min
Temps de lecture : 5 minutes

Imagine waking up before dawn, feeling a rumble in your stomach, but knowing you can’t eat or drink anything until sunset. This is the experience of millions of Muslims around the world during the holy month of Ramadan.

Why do Muslims Fast?

But why do they do it? Well, fasting during Ramadan is not just about giving up food and drink. It’s a spiritual journey that helps Muslims strengthen their faith, practice self-discipline, and show empathy for less fortunate people.

Think about it – in our modern world, where we have access to food and water 24/7, it’s easy to forget how blessed we are. By experiencing hunger and thirst during the day, Muslims are reminded of the blessings they have been given and are encouraged to show gratitude for them.

But that’s not all. Fasting during Ramadan also encourages Muslims to be more mindful of their behavior and actions. By refraining from activities such as smoking and sexual activity during the fast, they learn to exercise self-control and discipline.

Ramadan is not just about individual worship; it’s also a time for increased charitable giving and community activities. Muslims are encouraged to donate to the poor and needy and to participate in activities that bring them closer to their family and community.

Fasting during Ramadan is not just a physical challenge; it’s a spiritual journey that helps Muslims become better versions of themselves. It’s a time of reflection, self-improvement, and giving back to those in need. 

Scientifically Proven Benefits of Fasting

  • Improved metabolic health 

Fasting during Ramadan can improve metabolic health. Insulin resistance, a risk factor for type 2 diabetes, can be reduced through fasting. When we fast, our body uses stored glucose in the liver, which helps lower blood sugar levels. Additionally, studies have found that fasting can improve cholesterol profiles, lowering the risk of heart disease.

  • Weight loss 

Fasting during Ramadan can help individuals lose weight by reducing overall calorie intake. During the fast, individuals typically consume fewer calories overall, which can lead to a calorie deficit and weight loss. Additionally, fasting can help improve body composition by reducing body fat while maintaining muscle mass. 

  • Improved cognitive function 

Fasting has been shown to improve cognitive function. When we fast, a hormone called brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is released, which promotes the growth of new neurons in the brain. This can improve memory, concentration, and overall brain function. 

  • Increased longevity 

Fasting has been shown to increase lifespan in animals and may have similar effects in humans. Studies have found that calorie restriction can lead to improved health and longevity. This may be due to the fact that fasting can reduce oxidative stress and inflammation, which are both linked to aging.

  • Reduced inflammation 

Fasting can help reduce inflammation in the body. Chronic inflammation is linked to many chronic diseases, including cancer, heart disease, and Alzheimer’s. When we fast, our body switches from using glucose as a primary energy source to using fat. This process can help reduce inflammation in the body.

  • Improved immune function 

Fasting has been shown to improve immune function by increasing the production of white blood cells, which can help the body fight off infections and diseases. Additionally, fasting can help reduce the production of cytokines, which are proteins that can cause inflammation in the body.

Spiritual Benefits of Fasting in Ramadan 

Fasting during Ramadan is not just a physical practice but also a spiritual one that is believed to bring many spiritual and afterlife benefits. Here are some of them:

  • Strengthening of faith 

Fasting during Ramadan is a way for Muslims to strengthen their faith and connection with Allah. It is a time of introspection, reflection, and devotion to prayer and good deeds. By abstaining from food and drink, Muslims are reminded of their dependence on Allah and the importance of relying on Him for sustenance.

  • Increased spirituality 

Fasting during Ramadan can help increase spirituality and lead to a deeper understanding of the Quran and Islamic teachings. By spending more time praying and reflecting, Muslims can develop a closer relationship with Allah and gain a greater appreciation for the blessings in their lives.

  • Purification of the soul  

Fasting is believed to purify the soul and bring about spiritual cleansing. Muslims are encouraged to use the month of Ramadan to reflect on their behavior and make positive changes in their lives. By refraining from negative behavior and focusing on good deeds, Muslims can improve their character and become better human beings.

  • Forgiveness of sins 

Muslims believe that fasting during Ramadan can lead to the forgiveness of sins. This is based on the belief that fasting is an act of worship that is pleasing to Allah and can help atone for past mistakes. The Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) said, « Whoever fasts Ramadan out of faith and seeking reward, his previous sins will be forgiven » (Sahih al-Bukhari). 

  • Preparation for the afterlife 

Fasting during Ramadan is seen as a way to prepare for the afterlife. It is believed that by abstaining from worldly pleasures and focusing on worship, Muslims can develop a greater appreciation for the eternal rewards that await them in the hereafter. Fasting is seen as a way to strengthen one’s faith and increase one’s chances of entering Paradise.


Fasting during Ramadan is an essential component of Islamic worship and devotion that holds great significance for Muslims all around the world. As the holy month of Ramadan approaches, Muslims prepare themselves to fulfill their religious obligations with sincerity and dedication.

The Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said, « Whoever fasts during Ramadan with faith and seeking his reward from Allah will have his past sins forgiven » (Sahih Bukhari). 

This hadith highlights the spiritual benefits of Ramadan fasting and reinforces the importance of observing it with pure intentions. May Allah grant us the ability to fast with sincerity, gain His pleasure, and reap the rewards of this blessed month. « O Allah, accept our fasting, prayers, and good deeds in this blessed month of Ramadan, and forgive us for our sins and shortcomings. Ameen. » 

sam. 16 Dhoul Hidjah
السبت 16 ذو الحجة

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